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Thaddeus Shirley
b. ca1757. Lived York Co. South Carolina 



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This Lineage Last Updated June 2019
Thaddeus Shirley
born 25 August 1757 possibly in Virginia; A Thadius Shirley was enumerated in the Hanover Co VA tax list in both 1783 and 1789; Thadeus Shirley is first confirmed in census records in Newberry Co SC in 1790. He would have been about 33 years old at the time; He was next enumerated in York Co SC in 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830 and in 1840; He died November 29, 1840 York Co. South Carolina,

[1840 ]York, South Carolina, Newspapers Marriage and Death Notices 1823-1865 - Another Revolutionary Soldier Gone. Died at his residence in the Indian Land, near the Nation Ford, on the 29th November, Mr. Thaddeus Shurley, aged 83 years, 3 months and 4 days [b 1757]

1840 Eli C. Shurley petitioned for letters of administration on the estate of Thaddeus Shurley (10 Dec 1840) and with his sureties, Alexander Fewell, W. Clawson, and Wm. P. Miller bound themselves in the amount of $24,000 for the inventory of Thaddeus Shirley’s estate, dated 28 Dec 1840, York Co., SC. Case 67 File 3264

married Elizabeth________; She died in 1846, York  Co. SC.

Elizabeth Shurley's estate papers in Case 7, File # 1379, York Co. Estate Records. Probated nov 3, 1846: oldest son Meredith, $10; 2nd son Philemon Shurley, $10; oldest daughter, Ruth Wright, $10; 2nd daughter, Elizabeth Wherry, $10; 3rd dau, Nancy Quick, $10; 4th daughter, Frances Perry, $10; James Shurley $10; all other to youngest son Eli Clawson Shurley, executor. C. L. Clawson furnished coffin, $10; Dr. Jacob Clawson, medical bill, $66.25. A. Brown, tombstone, $12.65.


1(i). Meredith Shirley born about 1790 likely in South Carolina; He died about 1863 York Co. SC, Meredith Shurley taught school in a log cabin in the 1840s in the Gold Hill area of Fort Mill township. It was said he required as strict obedience of the adults as he did of the children he taught. His primary textbooks were the Blueback Speller and Pike's Arithmetic. In 1860 Meredith Shurley (b c 1790) was living as a member of the Ware household and was listed in the U.S. Census as a teacher, aged 70 years.  

Master of Arts thesis, "Cultural Factors in the History of York County" by Eula B. Thomasson, Winthrop College, June 1937 - Hickory Grove under Meredith Shurley may have been the first in the county to offer military instruction.) In 1848 Meredith Shurley taught school near the residence of G. C. Leach, Esq. Many grown men and women were pupils. The Berrys, Leaches, Hemphills, McKinstrys and Whitesides were the most loyal patrons of the school. For a week before the closing of the school, Mr. Shurley drilled his pupils in their studies thoroughly. The boys were put through a military drill. And the teacher was noted for his interest in the hygenic welfare of his pupils. The last day of his school in 1848, he drilled the boys for two hours, despite the fact that it was raining. They used sticks for guns. Anyone who failed properly to perform his duty in ranks was taken out and drilled in an "awkward squad". Spelling matches were popular, and tickets were given out each evening to those standing at the head of the class. These tickets were kept and counted before the patrons and trustees at the end of each term (a term was one-fourth of the time agreed to teach - usually twelve months). Mr. Shurley boarded among the pupils. The pupils were proud to have him in their homes, and many times arguments and perhaps feelings arose between pupils as to who had the right to his company. In 1849 Mr. Shurley taught school in a log cabin, built for that purpose, about one-fourth of a mile from Hickory Grove. He followed the old method of conducting his school. He would take up school as soon as pupils could get there in the mornings, and many evenings he did not dismiss the pupils until the sun went down. In his day he was a first-class teacher. He was a splendid penman. The Bible, Webster's Spelling Book, Walker's Dictionary, Pike's and Smiley's Arithmetics were the principle text books used in his school. Mr. Shurley was good at promised whippings, many of which he never gave, but when he did, it was well done. His method of teaching spelling and reading was for all the pupils to spell or read aloud in learning the lessons. He often had as many as forty pupils on the floor spelling at the same time. Frequently a bench ten feet long was crowded with bare-footed boys, all swinging their feet and swaying their heads, and spelling at the top of their voices. The old man, when he had a chance to be heard, would say, 'Hurrah! boys; that's the way.' Then they would all begin again joined by as many more. -

1830 York SC Census - Meredith Shirley, page 387: 1110001000000 - 1110010000000

1840 York SC Census - Meredeth Shirley, page 284: 2210000100000 - 0020101000000   

1860 York SC Census

Jas R Ware 38
Scythena Ware 39
Meridus Ware 15
Mary E Ware 10
John D Ware 8
Wm Ware 7
Meridus Shirley 70

married Elizabeth Walston, daughter of Elias Walston. She was still alive in 1862, according to son John R's diary entry.


2(i). John Rooker Shirley born November 1818; He was operating a school with many scholars in Fairfield Co SC in 1850 census; He died March 15, 1863, York District, SC.; buried Ebenezer Presbyterian Church Cem. Rock Hill York Co

He was doubtless named for the Rev. John Rooker, founding pastor of the Flint Hill Baptist Church, located north of what is now Fort Mill and very near the North Carolina State line. if the name "John Rooker" came from the Baptist pastor, then the likelihood is that some of the early Shurleys in York County were of the Baptist faith. John Rooker Shurley ... was a renowned teacher and school principal in both Fairfield and York districts. He founded the Shurley Institute at Winnsboro and then moved it to Ebenezer, where he was the principal of the Ebenezer Academy until his death. The latter school was often referred to as "the Athens of York."

married 1) Martha Ann Leitner Dec. 8, 1847 Fairfield Co. SC.,

married 2) Mary Ann Fewell Aug 4, 1852. She was born June 29, 1833, died Aug 2, 1900 and was the daughter of Alexander Fewell.

children  by Mary Ann Leitner

3(i). Leitner Shirley born 11 November 1848; age 11 in 1860 census; He died before August 01, 1903

As a young man he went to live in Brazil with his Leitner cousins who had fled the South following the Civil War. He did not remain there for any length of time and returned to the United States with Cephas J. and Matilda (Rives) Kee, natives of Chester District, S.C.

He followed in his father's footsteps and conducted several well-known schools in South Carolina. He was at one time principal of the Ebenezer Academy. Later he removed to Lancaster County, S.C. where he operated an excellent school for many years. He called the school Carolina Academy for it was close to the North Carolina line and many of his pupils lived in Mecklenburg's Providence community.

Lancaster Ledger, 1 Aug 1903. - The handsome monument erected at Pleasant Valley church to the memory of Prof. Leitner Shurley, by his former pupils, will be unveiled with impressive ceremonies next Thursday. Capt. W. E. Ardrey of Fort Mill, will act as master of ceremonies, and will make the introductory speech. Mr. Thomas F. McDow of Yorkville; Mr. Victor S. Bryant of Durham, N.C. and Mr. James a Bell of Charlotte, all former pupils of Mr. Shurley, will make addresses appropriate to the occasion. Mr. Shurley, who spent several years of his life in South America, was one of the most successful teachers this country has ever known. He was remarkable for the thoroughness with which he prepared boys for college. He taught at a private school at Pleasant Valley for a number of years, which drew a large patronage from North Carolina, as well as from different parts of this state. He was idolized by his pupils.

married Margaret W. Ross about 1874, married 26 years in 1900 census.

children by Martha Ann Fewell:

3(ii). Margaret Elizabeth Shirley born 7 July 1853 age 7 in 1860 census;, She married Nathaniel Jeremiah Napoloen Bowen

3(iii). Mary Celia Shirley born 7 October 1854, age 6 in 1860 census; She married Lucien Gill

3(iv). Sallie McMeekin Shirley born 1 March 1856, age 4 in 1860 census; She died Oct. 5, 1862, age 6

October 22, 1862 Died, on Sunday, October 5th, Sallie McMeekin, third daughter of John R. and Mary Shirley, aged 6 years and 7 months... - Marriages and Death Notices from Baptist Newspapers of SC 1835 - 1865

3(v). John Alexander Shirley born 21 October 1857, age 3 in 1860 census. Member of the Ebenezer Presbyterian Church. He died June 10, 1918, obituary in the Rock Hill newspaper.

married Molly Fewell


4(i). Bessie Shurley born 1884. She died 1973. She married John M. Salters

4(ii). John Rooker Shurley born 1890. He died 1938). Lived Rock Hill SC in 1918

married Margaret Ruff

4(iii). W. T Shurley Lived Pennsylvania in 1918

4(iv). Annie Leitner Shurley. She married F. D. Frissell (named in father's obituary). Lived Pennsylvania in 1918. Married John Rutherford London.

3(vi). Fannie Matilda Shirley born 27 June 1859, age 1 in 1860 census; She died Sept. 22, 1860, age 1

3(vii). Barron Beauregard Shirley born 21 March 1861, He died Jan 5, 1862, age 9 mos; Buried Ebenezer Presbyterian Church Cem. Rock Hill, York Co

3(viii). William Rooker Shirley born 2 October 1862, He died Sept 9, 1872, age 9

2(ii). Cynthia Jane Shirley born about 1821 York Co. SC, age 39 in 1860 census household of her husband James Ware 

large gap in births (more children?)

2(iii). William Z Shurley born about 1830 in Richland Co SC, age 20 in 1850 Fairfield Co SC census household of his presumed brother John R Shurley, occupation: Teacher.

2(iv). Elizabeth Shirley born about 1830 in NC, age 40 in 1870 census household of her brother Martin Luther Sirley in Pulaski Co Arkansas. She died unmarried. S

2(v). Martin Luther Shurley born about 1833 in York Co SC, age 17, scholar, in 1850 Fairfield Co SC census household of his brother John R Shurley. He was married, living at Plant Township, Pulaski County Arkansas in 1870 census. He left Arkansas in 1879 leaving his two minor children Robert and John with a guardian. He lived in Henderson Co TN in 1900 census, occupation servant, widowed age 67

20 Nov 1862 diary of John Rooker Shurley: "Brother Luther who has been living in Mississippi for the last two years, was at my home this afternoon, when I returned from school...He and his family have come back to So. Carolina on account of the Yankees taking possession of the country near where they were living." (The Quarterly, York County Genealogical and Historical Society, Volume VII, Number 1, June 1995, page 12).

married Jemima _______ (according to diary entry and census). She died prior to 1900, most likely before 1880


3(i). Josephine Shurley born about 1862 in Mississippi, age 8 in 1870 census; She was a domestic servant age 17 at Eagle Lonoke Co Arkansas in 1880. She has a 1 year old daughter, Marberry household


4(i). Lucinda Shurley born about 1879, apparently out of wedlock

3(ii). Sarah Shurley born about 1863 in South Carolina, age 7 in 1870 census

3(iii). William Shurley born about 1865, age 5 in 1870 census; He was a laborer age 15 at Eagle Lonoke Co Arkansas in 1880, Driskill household

3(iv). Robert L. Shurley born about 1866, age 4 in 1870 census; He was a laborer age 14 at Eagle Lonoke Co Arkansas in 1880, Glover household. R. M. Driskill named his guardian in 1880 court record.

1880 May 21 Lonoke Co Probate Court page 249 - No 157 - Robert Shurley et al minors - This day comes R M Driskill and presents to the court his petition verified by his affidavit representing that some time in the year 1879 M L Shurley removed beyond the limits of this state that he left petitioner his two minor children, Robert and John Shurley , both under the age of fourteen years and requested him to raise and educate them as best he could, that they have little or no estate that the interest of said minors would be protected by having a legal guardian appointed for them to con[ ] person and direct their labor and to reveive and manage the conpensation for their services and asking that he be appointed guardian for them. [ordered; discharged December 1881 page 479]

3(v). John J. Shurley born about 1868 in South Carolina, age 2 in 1870 census; He was a laborer age 12 at Eagle Lonoke Co Arkansas in 1880, Glover household. R. M. Driskill named his guardian in 1880 court record.

3(vi). Woodman Shurley born about 1870 in Arkansas, age 0 in 1870 census (b Jan, triplet?)

3(vii). Madison Shurley born about 1870 in Arkansas, age 0 in 1870 census (b Jan, triplet?)

3(viii). Edward Shurley born about 1870 in Arkansas, age 0 in 1870 census (b Jan, triplet?)

2(vi). Oliver Shurley born about 1834 in York Co SC (diary), age 19, scholar, in 1850 Fairfield Co SC census household of brother John R Shurley. He died in the Civil War, Private Co F 41st SC regt., age 26

8 Aug 1862 diary of John Rooker Shurley: "I and John went down to my farm. Found all well but Mother, she is not very well. She had just got a letter from bro. Luther bringing the sad news that Bro. Oliver was dead. He took sick in camp at Tupelo, Miss. and lay in the Hospital for some time and was carried home but lived only 9 days after he got home. He leaves a wife and two little children a daughter and son. Bro. Oliver was the youngest of the family that is living. He was about 26 years old, always had been stout and hearty...He was a member of the Baptist Church." (The Quarterly, York County Genealogical and Historical Society, Volume VII, Number 1, June 1995, page 11).

married Temperance Rachel Perry on 9 January 1858, became widow of Pontotoc Co MS, Source: Civil War citizen files; Records show she was of Fairfield Co SC afterward.

1858 January 9 O.P. Shirley married T.R.C. Perry at Pontotoc Co Mississippi


3(i). daughter Shurley

3(ii). son Shurley

1(ii). Philemon Shirley b. ca. 1792 Newberry Co. SC, Lived in York Co SC in 1820, 1830, and 1840 censuses. He was enumerated in York SC in the 1850 census, age 59; He died about 1854 York Co. SC

1854 Last Will and testament of Phelemon Shirley of the District of York and state of SC, farmer. I will and divide the estate to my sons Absolom Shurly and Eli Washington Shurly. Portions that remain divided into 8 equal parts, one to my wife Lucretia Shurley, daughters, Malinda wife of Levi Lock, Lucinda Bennet, Lucretia Schooley, Emeline Ferguson, grandchildren William Schooley, son of daughter Elivire, deceased, George Sturges, son of daughter Barbara Sturges, deceased. Eli Shurly, Ex. recorded July 5, 1854

married Lucretia Walston, daughter of Elias Walston; She was age 56 in 1850 census


2(i). Lucinda B. Shirley She married Josiah Bennett

2(ii). Lucretia Shirley born 15 February 1816, She died Dec. 4, 1900; She married Daniel Franklin Schooley. He was born Aug 13, 1816 York Co. SC d. Sept 3, 1887 York Co. SC.

2(iii). Barbara Shirley died May 1850 York Co. SC; She married 1st. John Sturgis, married 2nd George Sturgis

2(iv). Absolom Shirley born 25 November 1818; living in Giles Co TN in 1850 census, age 31, owner of 30 slaves; living in Jasper Post Office, Walker Co AL in 1860, age 42 and 1880 census, age 61; He died 6 October 1898 Walker Co. Alabama 

married 1) Mary H. ______ She was age 28 in 1850 census

married 2) Nancy Perry born 1832 SC, age 28 in 1860 census, age 50 in 1880 census


3(i). May E. Shirley born about 1844 SC, age 7 in 1850 census. age 16 in 1860 census

3(ii). Elizabeth L. Shirley born about 1845 SC, age 6 in 1850 census. age 15 in 1860 census

3(iii). Mary [ ] Shirley born about 1853 TN. age 7 in 1860 census

3(iv). Nancy Jane Shirley born about 1855 TN, age 5 in 1860 census

3(v). Sarah [ ] Shirley born about 1857 TN. age 3 in 1860 census

3(vi). Henrietta Shirley born 15 April 1858 TN or AL. age 2 in 1860 census; She married J. J. Sparks; she died 30 Aug 1928 at Townley, Walker Co AL, age 70y 4m; buried Scott Grove Cem.

3(vii). Lucinda Shirley born about 1864 AL, age 16 in 1880 census

3(viii). Jerusha Shirley born 7 June 1866 AL, age 14 in 1880 census; married Parker; died 26 Sep 1957 at El Paso, El Paso, Texas, age 91y 3m 19d; buried Roscoe TX (death cert)

2(v). Malinda Shirley born about 1819; She married Levi Locke. He was b. July 22, 1816 Chester Co. SC 

2(vi). Elvira Shirley born 4 November 1820 York Co. SC, She died 10 January 1848 York Co. SC, She married Daniel Franklin Schooley

2(vii). Delilah Shirley born about 1824 SC, age 26 in parent's 1850 census household

2(viii). Emeline Shirley Oct 20, 1828 York Co. SC d. April 17, 1903 Walker Co. AL, m. Benjamin Joseph Ferguson who was born Aug 11, 1828 Chester Co. SC and died Feb 9, 1914 Walker Co. AL.

2(ix). Eli Washington Shirley born about 1834, age 16 in parent's 1850 York SC household; His estate was probated in York Co SC in 1857; died about age 23.

1857 York Co SC Estate Records, Case 35 File 1494; 1857. Estate of Eli W. Shirley, D.F. Schooley administrator:

1(iii). Ruth Shirley born 26 November 1793 Newberry Co. SC, d. March 23, 1873 Glenwood Mills, IA., married Reuben Wright, son of Richard Wright and Nancy Morgan. He was born Jan 10, 1790 Rowan Co, NC and died ca. 1843 Putnam Co. Indiana

1(iv). Nancy Shirley born about. 1799 Newberry Co. SC, died before 1860 Noxubee Co. Mississippi, married Martin Quick

1(v). Elizabeth Shirley born about 1801 Newberry Co. SC, married Samuel Wherry in York Co., SC, son of William Wherry and Elizabeth Anderson.  He died ca. 1840 in Hickman Co., TN

1(vi). Frances Shirley born about 1802 Newberry Co SC, married Jeremiah Perry who died 1870 Pontotoc Co. MS

1(vii). James Shirley born about 1804; He was alive 1846 at the time of death of his mother; no other info known. Possibly this James Shurley, Branch 102)

1(viii). Eli Clawson Shirley born 21 February 1808, age 42 in Chester Co SC 1850 census; He died 6 November 1855 Chester Dist. SC, buried Jordan Burial Ground.

23 March 1855 Chester SC Estate Records Estate of Eli C. Shirley. administration by brothers in law John R. Culp and Uriah J. Culp. Bond: Henry J. Culp, Henry Culp Sr. Estate valued at more than $25,000. Wife is deceased. Children: Eli Eugene Shurley, Thaddeus Henry Shurley, Josiah Hays Shurley, Nancy Elizabeth Shurley; Subscription paid to Hopewell Baptist Church. Inventory made by David Boyd, Thomas White, Josiah Jordan, James H. Ferguson, R.H. Fudge.

Eli C. Shurley
Birth: Feb. 21, 1808, Death: Mar. 6, 1855
Burial: Jordan Graveyard East Chester County SC

married Mary Culp. She was born Feb 22, 1820 Chester Co. SC died Aug 23, 1853 Chester Co. SC. Mary was the daughter of Henry Culp born Feb 27, 1785 died May 26, 1856 and Nancy Jordan born Mar 7, 1792 Chester Co. SC died July 24, 1847 Cedar Shoal, Chester Co. SC (Nancy was daughter of  Henry E. Jordan b. ca. 1760 d. Nov 1, 1843).                  


2(i). Nancy Elizabeth Shirley born about 1846 SC, age 4 in 1850 census; Named in her father's 1855 estate probate; She married Robert White

2(ii). Thaddeus H. Shirley born 8 February 1847 Chester Co. SC, age 3 in 1850 census; Named in his father's 1855 estate probate; He died March 12, 1875 Chester Co. SC, age 28; Buried Jordan Graveyard Chester Co SC

2(iii). Elisha Eugene Shirley born about 1848 SC, age 2 in 1850 census; Named in his father's 1855 estate probate; He died 20 Sep 1915, age about 65 at the State Hospital in Richland SC; buried in the white asylum cemetery

married Margaret N. McFadden born July 20, 1850 Chester Co. SC d. Jan 9, 1907


3(i). John Culp Shirley born 3 October 1869 died Feb. 12, 1870; buried Jordan Graveyard Chester Co SC, age 4 mos

3(ii). Sallie Shirley born 28 June 1872 Chester Co. SC

3(iii). William Clawson Shurley Dec 15, 1873 Chester Co. SC; Lived at Landsford, Chester Co in 1920 and 1930 census. He died Dec. 18, 1950; He was buried at Elmwood Cemetery, Fort Lawn, Chester Co SC

married Maggie Henson. She was born Nov. 24, 1885, age 44 in 1930. She died Aug. 1, 1960. Buried at Elmwood Cemetery, Fort Lawn, Chester Co SC


4(i). Gary Shurley born 4 July 1915 in Chester Co SC, age 4 in 1920 census, age 14 in 1930 census. PFC US Army. He died Mar. 17, 1988. Buried Elmwood Cemetery, Fort Lawn Chester Co SC

married Alma E. ______

3(iv). Mary Shirley born about 1876 SC, age 4 in 1880 census household

2(iv). Josiah Haynes Shirley born 20 January 1851 Chester Co. SC; Named in his father's 1855 estate probate; He died 1 August 1858, age 7; Buried Jordan Graveyard Chester Co SC


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